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J Korean Soc Laryngol Phoniatr Logop > Volume 18(1); 2007 > Article
Journal of The Korean Society of Laryngology, Phoniatrics and Logopedics 2007;18(1): 39-43.
알레르기성 비염 환자들의 음향음성학적 특성 및 음성장애지수
김성태, 최승호, 노종렬, 이봉재, 심미란, 김상윤, 남순열
울산대학교 의과대학 서울아산병원 이비인후과학교실 음성언어의학연구소
The Phonetic Characteristics and Voice Handicap Index in Allergic Rhinitis Patients
Seong-Tae Kim, Seung-Ho Choi, Jong-Lyel Roh, Bong-Jae Lee, Mi-Ran Shim, Sang-Yoon Kim, Soon-Yuhl Nam
The Institute of Logopedics & Phoniatrics, Department of Otolaryngology, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine
Background and Objectives:
There are few studies reported that specifically examine the phonetic characteristics and voice handicap index (VHI) in patients with Allergic Rhinitis. This study was designed to examine phonetic characteristics and VHI in adult patients with allergic rhinitis.
Materials and Methods:
Forty-two male patients diagnosed as allergic rhinitis were given skin-prick test and others, aged from 20 to 56 years, and were compared with a 16 male control group with no pathology and in the same age group. The VHI was used to measure the changes of patient's perception. Acoustic and aerodynamic analysis test were done, and a nasalance test performed to measure rabbit, baby, and mother passage. Acoustic rhionometry (AR) was performed to evaluate nasal volume and nasal crosssectional area. Statistical analysis was done using independent sample t-test.
VHI showed significantly different score in the studied group, higher than that of control group. AR graph showed that there was no significant differences of nasal volume and nasal cross-sectional area. The Shimmer and SFF value in the group of allergic patients were higher than in the control group. MPT value in the group of allergic patients was lower than in the control group. Nasalance in allergic patients showed hypernasality all passage.
We suggest that patients with allergic rhinitis have considerable voice problems. Most of them have hypernasality, which may be a compensatory mechanism by nasal obstruction.
KEY WORDS: Allergic rhinitis;Resonance;Voice quality;
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