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J Korean Soc Laryngol Phoniatr Logop > Volume 21(1); 2010 > Article
Journal of The Korean Society of Laryngology, Phoniatrics and Logopedics 2010;21(1): 17-21.
발성장애: 후두내시경 검사에서 놓치기 쉬운 성대점막질환
김한수
이화여자대학교 의과전문대학원 이비인후과학교실
Dysphonia : Vocal Fold Mucosal Lesions Easily Missed in Laryngoscopy
Han-Su Kim
Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery, School of Medicine,Ewha Womans University
ABSTRACT
Dysphonia is a medical terminology for voice disorders characterized by hoarseness, harshness, weakness, or even loss of voice ; any impairment in ability to produce voice sounds using the vocal organs, larynx, The causes of dysphonia can be classified into two groups, organic and functional. Functional dysphonia includes spasmodic dysphonia, muscle tension dysphonia, mutational dysphonia and conversion dysphonia, etc, The findings of laryngoscopy in these dysphonia are almost normal. Therefore, physicians should diagnosis these diseases from careful history taking and abundant understandings about the phonation pattern, Organic dysphonia is caused by anatomical problems in the larynx, especially on the vocal fold, Some lesions, however, are not easily found because these lesions are too small, or located on the lower lip of vibrating vocal fold. Laryngopharyngeal reflux induced laryngitis, vascular lesions, sulcus vocalis, vocal atropy including presbylaryngis, and mucosal tears are common lesions easily missed in laryngoscopy, Therefore, a high index of suspicion is necessary to avoid missing vocal fold mucosal lesions, and the strobovideolaryngoscopy is indispensable in making the diagnosis,
KEY WORDS: Dysphonia;Stroboscopy;Sulcus vocalis;Laryngopharyngeal reflux disease;Vocal atropy;Presbylaryngis;
중심 단어: 발성장애;회선경검사;성대구증;인후두위산역류증;성대근위축증;노인성후두;
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